An office is generally an area or a room or other area where people work and may also denote a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it.
The 20th century had defined industries and boundaries, that is, the ‘closed’ workplace whereas the 21st century does not.
Following the evolution of information technology throughout industries in the 21st century, the internet has brought about a change in the style of a business transactions.
The 21st-century office acknowledges that whilst work can be done without a shared workplace, the office environment is highly valued as a place for ideas, discussion, information, and motivation.
Neither closed-plan nor open-plan offices are perfect for anyone’s situation. The ‘right balance’ is required.
A sea of cubicles, one type of open plan.
Advantages of open plan office
Open-plan offices as compares to the closed plan offices are more advantageous for the employer as more spaces are provided and fewer separations in the office building thus reducing the financial cost when designing.
Communication is easier between work stations and departments as everyone is in the same area, hence no time is wasted in the sharing of information.
Sharing of conversations may lead to faster recognition and resolution of issues.
When employees work in a closed office space, they can run themselves absurd with small tasks that are unnecessary in an open-plan office.
Supervisors or the line managers have better supervision on the employees as everyone is within the same compartment. Employees are been easily tracked. Decision making and problem-solving are rapidly effected Things are easier for the supervisors, as everyone is in a centralized area. There is no need to track someone down from office to office. Generally, with an open office plan, managers and senior managers are in regular contact with their employees. This makes management issues and problem-solving go faster. Employees who are in constant contact with managers and senior managers are able to reach management more quickly and deal with issues that get resolved more rapidly, as a result, this leads to more productivity.
Open space offices are more economical when it comes to financing for amenities such as air conditioning and electricity, that is, one centralized area is being heated, or cooled and lighted, which is opposed to several different rooms, each having to be heated or cooled separately. Hence, less capital is invested.
If the layout of the office needs to be changed, it can be done quickly and with minimal effort. If a closed plan office layout needs to be changed, serious issues can arise the way they never will with open office plans.